libESMTP will not be changed without good justification. SMTP and mail related documents in general have been subject to rigorous peer review in public by the IETF before being accepted as standard. Since mail is possibly the most mission critical internet application of them all, it is vital that the infrastructure is not compromised by buggy implementations.
The SMTP protocol is described in RFC 5321. The message format is described in RFC 5322. Various other RFCs describe the SMTP extension mechanism and specific SMTP extensions. References to the appropriate documents may be found in comments within the source code.
These guidelines are intended to help distinguish features from genuine bugs. In SMTP, as with many internet protocols, the distinction is subtle at times. The following paragraphs are examples of what might constitute a bug. The list is by no means exhaustive.
GitHub Issue Tracker¶
Bug reports should be made using the GitHub issue tracker. Please do not use GitHub issues for bug reports against the legacy tarballs, they should be referenced against the appropriate tag in the repository, e.g. v1.1.0. Priority will always be given to issues in the current release.
What to Report¶
If you are convinced that libESMTP does not do something it should, or vice-versa, raise an issue referencing the relevant RFC. Usually behaviour that conforms to RFCs will not be changed, however, mistakes do occur in standards so you may need to also check the errata on the RFC Editor site.
If you spot a mistake in the code, such as failing to check the return value of a function for an error condition, please report it.
Missing Library Calls¶
If libESMTP uses a C library function that is not provided by a platform then the distribution should contain a replacement for that function and Meson should detect that the replacement is needed. If neither condition is true, that is a bug.
Broken Library Calls¶
If libESMTP uses a C library function that is broken on a given platform then the distribution should contain a replacement for that function and Meson should detect that the replacement is needed. If neither condition is true, that is a bug. A library call is considered broken if its behaviour differs from that described in the appropriate publicly available standard.
Normally, the appropriate standard is Posix or the Single Unix Specification. Remember that Unix man pages or other manufacturer specific documentation of C library functions describe an implementation and do not constitute a standard.
SMTP Protocol Errors¶
If libESMTP sends SMTP protocol commands which differ from those described in the appropriate RFCs, or fails to respond correctly to valid SMTP responses from a server, that is a bug that should be reported.
If libESMTP implements behaviour described in an obsoleted standard and the replacement describes different behaviour, that is a bug in libESMTP.
Particular care is needed when referring to RFCs as these may be obsoleted or updated at any time and the new document will have a new and unrelated number. For example, do not refer to RFC 821 or RFC 1123 since these are obsoleted by RFC 5321.
What Not to Report¶
Its amazing how often correct behaviour is reported as a bug. Familiarise yourself with the appropriate documentation. Also read the libESMTP API document. Many people trip up on the subtleties of SMTP and often the documents will answer your question saving your time and mine.
Can’t Connect to Server¶
Do not complain that libESMTP can’t connect to port 25. The default port for mail submission is 587. This is a deliberate design choice and will not change. Refer to RFC 4409 for more information.
The headers come out after the message¶
You got the line endings wrong. libESMTP strictly adheres to the RFC 5322 message format. RFC 5322 requires that lines in a message are terminated with the sequence CR-LF (0x0D 0x0A or \r\n).
Do not report behaviour that conforms to normative requirements in a standard as a bug, even if you don’t like what happens or you find it inconvenient in some way.
It’s Different to …¶
Do not assume that behaviour which differs from your favourite mail client is a bug. Just because Mozilla or Outlook or whatever might do something differently does not necessarily mean they are correct and libESMTP is wrong.
Do not report behaviour that differs from requirements in obsolete standards as
bugs. For example, RFC 821 does not permit the syntax
MAIL FROM <> but RFC
Do not report bugs in SMTP servers or server misconfiguration as libESMTP bugs.
However, if a server is so broken that libESMTP requires a workaround to operate with it at all I am interested in hearing about it. A good example of this sort of thing was the broken SMTP AUTH extension deployed by Yahoo!. This server uses a syntax described in an obsolete and unobtainable internet draft and did not implement the syntax described in the standard. Fortunately, in this case, the workaround was easy to implement and did not disrupt interoperation with correctly implemented servers.
Behaviour Behind a Firewall¶
Don’t report libESMTP’s use of hostnames or IP addresses that are not visible on the internet side of a firewall. Don’t report that NAT makes these unusable.
When a firewall is in use, especially one that does NAT, it is normal to submit mail via a local MTA that knows how to translate and/or qualify domain names and how to enforce site policy. If the firewall permits access to port 25 on the internet for hosts without publicly known hostnames and IP addresses, any mail client will eventually encounter problems with some servers.